What Causes Dark Circles and Puffy Eyes?

what causes dark circles and puffy eyes

Dark circles can make you look exhausted and under the weather, even if you’re actually feeling great. A lot of people with dark circles also have puffiness in the undereye area too, which can be a double whammy.

There can be a few different factors that contribute to dark circles and getting rid of them isn’t always as easy as grabbing a few early nights for a bit.

Here are some of the most common reasons why dark circles and puffy undereyes happen, and what you can do to make them less obvious.

Genes

Your genes can play a role in how prominent dark circles are, especially if you have very fair or very thin skin.

The blood vessels in the undereye area will show up more because of this and dark circles will be more obvious. Blood that pools in the undereye area during the night will be particularly noticeable in the morning.

How to fight back: Use more pillows at night can reduce the potential for blood to pool while you’re asleep. If this is one of the main factors behind your dark circles, it can help to reduce them when you wake up.

Age

Dark circles can be more of an issue as you get older and your collagen levels start to deplete. The skin can become thinner as a result and this can make the blood vessels underneath more noticeable.

How to fight back: Retinol based products can help to strengthen collagen but they can be too intense for the delicate eye area. Products that use time-released retinol can be a better choice.

Dehydration

If you’re not drinking enough, it can show itself as dark circles and puffy undereyes. These are both more likely to occur when you’re dehydrated as your body tries to retain as much water as possible.

If you drink a fair amount of alcohol and your diet is high in salt, this can make the problem worse as both are dehydrating.

Alcohol can also make the blood vessels dilate, which makes dark circles more prominent, so it’s definitely one to cut back on if you’re wanting to get rid of them.

How to fight back: Make sure that you drink plenty of fluids, especially water. If you’re drinking alcohol, try to drink water in between every alcoholic drink so the effects aren’t so dehydrating on your body. Cutting back on the amount of salty foods you eat in your diet can also help to make dehydration less likely.

Allergies

If your dark circles are more of an issue at certain times of year, seasonal allergies could be to blame. Allergies encourage the body to produce more histamine and this can encourage the blood vessels to become inflamed and swell.

How to fight back: Taking antihistamines can reduce the effects of this histamine release. If you know what is behind the allergies, taking antihistamines before you come into contact with the allergen can mean that the reaction doesn’t happen or is a lot milder than it would have been and dark circles linked to the allergen will be less of a problem too.

More Tips for Tackling Dark Circles

  • Frozen tea bags and cucumber slices can help to constrict the blood vessels so that dark circles are less noticeable. Sadly, this is only a temporary fix rather than a permanent cure!

 

  • Eye masks can help to soothe and cool the undereye area and constrict the blood vessels too, especially if you keep them in the freezer beforehand for maximum cooling effect. Again, it’s only a short term solution but it can reduce puffiness in particular.

 

  • Sun damage can make dark circles and puffy eyes worse so investing in a good sunscreen that can be used on the undereye area is a good move. Use it every day to protect the delicate undereye area from UV rays and be aware that it isn’t just sunny days that you need to worry about; damage can be done even on cloudy days.

 

  • Use a gentle undereye cleanser that won’t irritate or dry out the undereye area. Some products can be too much for this sensitive area and the lack of hydration can make dark circles and puffy eyes more of a problem.

 

  • As there’s no guaranteed miracle cure for dark circles or puffy eyes, you’re probably still going to need to cover them up as well. Whereas matching concealer to your skin tone is the smartest move with most skin issues, it’s not what you want for dark circles. Colours that are lie across from each other on the colour wheel work to cancel each other out and this can work wonders for making dark circles less obvious. Yellow toned concealer can help to hide dark circles that are more purple in colour, while peach shades can do the same for the blue hues of most dark circles.